Social Policy Report

Submission guidelines for Social Policy Report.

Issues of the Social Policy Report (SPR) from 1994-current are in PDF format (see below). The Social Policy Report is available for reprinting with appropriate citation. Each SPR since 2006 has an accompanying brief which highlights key findings of the research. Links to each brief are located below the authors. Visit the Policy Brief page for a full list of briefs.



Digital Games as a Context for Children's Cognitive Development: Research Recommendations and Policy Considerations
Fran C. Blumberg, Kirby Deater‐Deckard, Sandra L. Calvert, Rachel M. Flynn, C. Shawn Green, David Arnold, Patricia J. Brooks
Social Policy Report Brief


Disparities in the Quality of Pediatric Dental Care: New Research and Needed Changes
Stephanie M. Reich, Kristin S. Hoeft, Guadalupe Díaz, Wendy Ochoa, Amy Gaona
Social Policy Report Brief- English
Social Policy Report Brief- Español



Applying a Community Violence Framework to Understand the Impact of Immigration Enforcement Threat on Latino Children
R. Gabriela Barajas-Gonzalez, Cecilia Ayón, Franco Torres
Social Policy Report Brief


Changing Demographics of Dual Language Learners and English Learners: Implications for School Success
Harriet D. Romo, Kevin J. A. Thomas, and Eugene E. García
Social Policy Report Brief


Toward High-Quality Early Childhood Development Programs and Policies at National Scale: Directions for Research in Global Contexts
Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Alice J. Wuermli, Abbie Raikes, Sharon Kim, and Sarah B. Kabay
Social Policy Report Brief



Supporting Parents: How Six Decades of Parenting Research Can Inform Policy and Best Practice
Douglas M. Teti, Pamela M. Cole, Natasha Cabrera, Sherryl H. Goodman, Vonnie C. McLoyd
Social Policy Report Brief

4 Research-Practice Partnerships: Building Two-Way Streets of Engagement
Vivian Tseng, John Q. Easton, Lauren H. Supplee
Social Policy Report Brief
3 Children, Youth and Developmental Science in the 2015-2030 Global Sustainable Development Goals
Abbie Raikes, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Pia Rebello Britto, Iheoma Iruka
Social Policy Report Brief
2 PK-3: What Does It Mean For Instruction?
Deborah Stipek, Doug Clements, Cynthia Coburn, Megan Franke and Dale Farran
Social Policy Report Brief



4 The Influence of Health Care Policies on Children's Health and Development
James M. Perrin, Thomas F. Boat, Kelly J. Kelleher
Social Policy Report Brief
3 Development of Boys and Young Men of Color: Implications of Developmental Science for My Brother's Keeper Initiative
Oscar A. Barbarin, Velma McBride Murry, Patrick Tolan, Sandra Graham, and the Boys of Color Research Collaborative
Social Policy Report Brief



Children and Terrorism
James Garbarino, Amy Governale, Patrick Henry, Danielle Nesi
Social Policy Report Brief

1 Federal Expenditures on Children: What Budget Policy Means for Children's Policy
Heather Hahn
Social Policy Report Brief


4 Opportunities and Challenges in Evidence-based Social Policy
Lauren H. Supplee, Allison Metz
Social Policy Report Brief
Col (Ret) Stephen J. Cozza, Richard M. Lerner, Ron Haskins
Social Policy Report Brief

Common Core: Development and Substance
David T. Conley
Social Policy Report Brief

1 The Biological Embedding of Child Abuse and Neglect Implications for Policy and Practice
Sara R. Jaffee, Cindy W. Christian
Social Policy Report Brief


4 Multilingual Children Beyond Myths* and Toward Best Practices
Allyssa McCabe, Catherine S. Tamis-Lemonda, Marc H. Bornstein, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Roberta Golinkoff, Alison Wishard Guerra, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Erika Hoff, Yana Kuchirko, Gigliana Melzi, Alan Mendelsohn, Mariela Paez, Lulu Song
Social Policy Report Brief
3 The Role of Public Policies and Community-Based Organizations in the Developmental Consequences of Parent Undocumented Status
Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Jenya Kholoptseva, Carola Suárez-Orozco
Social Policy Report Brief
2 Positive Development of Minority Children
Natasha J. Cabrera
Social Policy Report Brief
1 Preserving and Enhancing the Responsible Conduct of Research Involving Children and Youth: A Response to Proposed Changes in Federal Regulations
Celia B. Fisher, Donald J. Brunnquell, Diane L. Hughes, Lynn S. Liben, Valerie Maholmes, Stuart Plattner, Stephen T. Russell & Elizabeth J. Susman
Social Policy Report Brief


4 Social and Emotional Learning in Schools: From Programs to Strategies
Stephanie M. Jones and Suzanne M. Bouffard
Social Policy Report Brief

Children, Families and Poverty: Definitions,trends, emerging science and Implications for policy
Lawrence Aber, Pamela Morris & Cybele Raver
Social Policy Report Brief

2 The Uses of Research in Policy and Practice
Vivian Tseng
Social Policy Brief
1 Building the Workforce Our Youngest Children Deserve
Holly Rhodes and Aletha Huston
Social Policy Brief


4 Promoting Equity, Tolerance, and Justice in Childhood(spr_254.pdf)
Melanie Killen, Adam Rutland, and Martin D. Ruok
Social Policy Report Brief
3 Household Food Insecurity: Serious Concerns for Child Development(spr_v253_web_final.pdf)
Barbara H. Fiese, Craig Gundersen, Brenda Koester, and LaTesha Washington
Social Policy Report Brief
2 Quality of Early Childhood Development Programs in Global Contexts(spr_v252rev.pdf)
Pia Rebello Britto, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, and Kimberly Boller
Social Policy Report Brief
1 Evidence-Based Interventions for Juvenile Offenders and Juvenile Justice Policies that Support Them(spr_25_no_1.pdf)
Scott W. Henggeler & Sonja K. Schoenwald
Social Policy Report Brief


4 Safe Schools Policy for LGBTQ Students (spr_24_4_final.pdf)
Stephen T. Russell, Joseph Kosciw, Stacey Horn, Elizabeth Saewyc
Social Policy Report Brief
3 Review of Three Recent Randomized Trials of School-Based Mentoring: Making Sense of Mixed Findings (spr_24-3.pdf)
Marc E. Wheeler, Thomas E. Keller, and David L. DuBois
Social Policy Report Brief
2 Autism Spectrum Disorders Diagnosis, Prevalence, and Services for Children and Families (24-2.pdf)
Catherine Lord and Somer L. Bishop
Social Policy Report Brief
1 Protecting Children from Exposure to Lead: Old Problem, New Data, and New Policy Needs (spr_24-1.pdf)
Claire Cole and Adam Winsler
Social Policy Report Brief


4 Home Visitation and Young Children: An Approach Worth Investing In? (23-4_astuto_allen.pdf)
Jennifer Astuto and LaRue Allen
Social Policy Report Brief
3 Evidence-Based Programming in the Context of Practice and Policy (23-3_mccall.pdf)
Robert B. McCall
Social Policy Report Brief
2 Early Educational Opportunities for Children of Hispanic Origins (23-2_garcia.pdf)
Eugene Garcia and Bryant Jensen
Social Policy Report Brief
1 The Difficult Transition to Adulthood for Foster Youth in the US: Implications for the State as Corporate Parent (23-1_courtney.pdf)
Mark E. Courtney
Social Policy Report Brief


4 Reclaiming the Family Table: Mealtimes and Child Health and Wellbeing (22-4_fiese.pdf)
Barbara H. Fiese and Marlene Schwartz
SPR Policy Report Brief
3 Children in Immigrant Families: Looking to America's Future (22_3_hernandez_final.pdf)
Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney
SPR Policy Report Brief
2 After-School Programs and Academics: Implications for Policy, Practice, and Research (22-2_afterschool_programs.pdf)
Robert C. Granger, Ed.D.
SPR Policy Report Brief
1 Mathematics Education for Young Children: What It is and How to Promote It (22-1_early_childhood_math.pdf)
Herbert P. Ginsburg, Joon Sun Lee, and Judi Stevenson Boyd
SPR Policy Report Brief


4 NCLB: State Interpretations, Early Effects, and Suggestions for Reauthorization (21-4_no_child_left_behind.pdf)
Andrew C. Porter and Morgan S. Polikoff
Social Policy Report Brief
3 The Benefits and Costs of Head Start (21-3_early_childhood_education.pdf)
Jens Ludwig, Deborah Phillips
Social Policy Report Brief
2 Teaching Tolerance in Schools:Lessons Learned Since Brown v.Board of Education About the Development (21-2_reduce_prejudice.pdf)
Jennifer H. Pfeifer, Christia Spears Brown, and Jaana Juvonen
Social Policy Report Brief
1 Katrina’s Children: Social Policy Considerations for Children in Disasters (21-1_hurricane_katrina.pdf)
Joy D. Osofsky, Howard J. Osofsky, and William W. Harris
Social Policy Report Brief



Organized Activity Participation, Positive Youth Development, and the Over-Scheduling Hypothesis
Joseph L. Mahoney, Angel L. Harris, and Jacquelynne S. Eccles
Social Policy Report Brief

3 Understanding and Facilitating the Youth Mentoring Movement (20-3_youth_mentoring.pdf)
Jean E. Rhodes and David L. DuBois
Social Policy Report Brief
2 The Epidemic of Childhood Obesity: Review of Research and Implications for Public Policy (spr20-2.pdf)
Jenelle S. Krishnamoorthy, Chantelle Hart, and Elissa Jelalian
Social Policy Report Brief
1 Deviant Peer Influences in Intervention and Public Policy for Youth (spr20-1.pdf)
Kenneth A. Dodge, Thomas J. Dishion, and Jennifer E. Lansford


4 Connecting the Science of Child Development to Public Policy (spr19-4.pdf)
Aletha Huston
3 PK-3: An Aligned and Coordinated Approach to Education for Children 3 to 8 Years Old (spr19-3.pdf)
Kimber Bogard and Ruby Takanishi
2 Effects of Welfare and Employment Policies on Young Children: New Findings on Policy Experiments Conducted in the Early 1990s (spr19-2.pdf)
Pamela A. Morris, Lisa A. Gennetian, and Greg J. Duncan
1 Using Scientific Knowledge to Inform Preschool Assessment: Making the Case for "Empirical Validity" (spr19-1.pdf)
Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Anita Kochanoff, Nora S. Newcombe, and Jill de Villiers


4 From Baby Einstein to Leapfrog, From Doom to Sims, From Instant Messaging to Internet Chat Rooms: Public Interest in the Role of Interactive Media in Children's Lives (spr18-4.pdf)
Ellen Wartella, Allison G. Caplovitz, and June H. Lee
3 Putting the Child Back Into Child Care: Combining Care and Education for Children Ages 3-5 (spr18-3.pdf)
Jessica Brauner, Bonnie Gordic, and Edward Zigler
2 Beyond the Methodological Gold Standards of Behavioral Research: Considerations for Practice and Policy (spr18-2.pdf)
Robert B. McCall, University of Pittsburgh, Beth L. Green, NPC Research, Inc.
1 Stimulation Programs for Preterm Infants (spr18-1.pdf)
Tiffany Field, Maria Hernandez-Reif, and Julia Freedman


4 Juveniles’ Competence to Stand Trial as Adults
Laurence Steinberg, Thomas Grisso, Jennifer Woolard, Elizabeth Cauffman, Elizabeth Scott, Sandra Graham, Fran Lexcen, N. Dickon Reppucci, and Robert Schwartz (spr17-4.pdf)
3 Toward an Understanding of Youth in Community Governance: Policy Priorities and Research Directions (spr17-3.pdf)
Shepherd Zeldin, Linda Camino, and Matthew Calvert
2 Kindergarten: An Overlooked Educational Policy Priority (spr17-2.pdf)
Sara Vecchiotti
1 Do You Believe In Magic?: What We Can Expect From Early Childhood Intervention Programs (spr17-1.pdf)
Jeanne Brooks-Gunn


4 Towards an Understanding of the Impact of Welfare Reform on Children with Disabilities (spr16-4.pdf)
Elisa A. Rosman, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, and Jane Knitzer
3 Emotions Matter: Making the Case for the Role of Young Children’s Emotional Development for Early Sc (spr16-3.pdf)
C. Cybele Raver
2 At What Age Should Children Enter Kindergarten? A Question for Policy Makers and Parents (spr16-2.pdf)
Deborah Stipek
1 The Effects of Welfare Reform Policies on Children (spr16-1.pdf)
Pamela A. Morris


4 Adolescents as Adults in Court: A Developmental Perspective on the Transfer of Juveniles to Criminal (spr15-4.pdf)
Laurence Steinberg and Elizabeth Cauffman
3 Strategic Frame Analysis: Reframing America’s Youth (spr15-3.pdf)
Franklin D. Gilliam, Jr. and Susan Nall Bales
2 Self-Sufficiency Programs and Parent Interventions: Lessons from New Chance and the Teenage Parent Demonstration (spr15-2.pdf)
Nancy E. Reichman and Sara S. McLanahan
1 Youth Civic Development: Implications of Research for Social Policy and Programs (spr15-1.pdf)
Constance A. Flanagan and Nakesha Faison


2 Parental Leave Policies: An Essential Ingredient in Early Childhood Education and Care Policies (spr14-2.pdf)
Sheila B. Kamerman
1 What Do Adolescents Need for Healthy Development? Implications for Youth Policy (spr14-1.pdf)
Jodie Roth and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn


4 Service Learning: Who Benefits and Why
Arthur A. Stukas, Jr., E. Gil Clary, and Mark Snyder
3 Evaluating the Effectiveness of School-Based Violence Prevention: Developmental Approaches
Christopher C. Henrich, Joshua L. Brown, and J. Lawrence Aber
2 Perspectives on Father Involvement: Research and Policy (spr13-2.pdf)
Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda and Natasha Cabrera
1 Beyond "Giving Science Away": How University-Community Partnerships Inform Youth Programs, Research, and Policy (spr13-1.pdf)
Jill Denner, Catherine R.Cooper, Edward M. Lopez and Nora Dunbar


4 Improving the Life Chances of Children in Poverty: Assumptions and What We Have Learned (spr12-4.pdf)
Robert G. St.Pierre & Jean I. Layzer
3 Implications of the 1996 Welfare Legislation for Children: A Research Perspective (spr12-3.pdf)
Martha Zaslow, Kathryn Tout, Sheila Smith, & Kristin Moore
2 Investigating Child Care Subsidy: What Are We Buying?
Helen Raikes
1 Fathers’ Involvement with Children: Perspectives from Developing Countries (spr12-1.pdf)
Patrice L. Engle & Cynthia Breaux


3 Public Policy Schools as Opportunities for Developmental Scientists: An Overview and Illustration (spr11-3.pdf)
Rachel A. Gordon & P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale
2 Training the Applied Developmental Scientist for Prevention and Practice: Two Current Examples (spr11-2.pdf)
Celia B. Fisher & Joy D. Osofsky
1 Schooling, the Hidden Curriculum, and Children’s Conceptions of Poverty (spr11-1.pdf)
Judith A. Chafel


5 A Reconceptualiztion of the Effects of Undernutrition on Children's Biological, Psychosocial, and Behavioral Development (spr10-5.pdf)
Ernesto Pollitt, chair; Mari Golub, Kathleen Gorman, Sally Grantham- McGregor, David Levitsky, Beat Schürch, Barbara Strupp, & Theodore Wachs
4 Building Research and Policy Connections: Training and Career Options for Developmental Scientists (spr10-4.pdf)
Amy Susman-Stillman, Joshua L. Brown, Emma K. Adam, Clancy Blair, Robin Gaines, Rachel A. Gordon, Ann Marie White, & Sheri R. Wynn
3 Inclusion at the Preschool Level: An Ecological Systems Analysis
Samuel Odom et al.
2 Has the Emperor No Clothes? Social Policy Issues and the Empirical Support for Full Inclusion of Children with Disabilities in the Preschool and Early Elementary Grades
Bryna Siegel
1 Latin American Immigration and U.S. Schools (spr10-1.pdf)
Claude Goldenberg


3 Children Who Witness Domestic Violence: The Invisible Victims (PDF)
Joy D. Osofsky
2 The U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child: Its Relevance for Social Scientists (spr9-2.pdf)
Susan P. Limber & Malfrid Grude Flekkoy<
1 Escaping Poverty: The Promise of Higher Education (PDF)
Erika Kates


4 Resiliency Research: Models, Issues, and Policy Implications (spr8-4.pdf)
Marc A. Zimmerman & Revathy Arunkumar
3 Developmental Effects of Lead Exposure in Children (spr8-3.pdf)
Johanna Rich Tesman & Amanda Hills
2 Children in Poverty: Designing Research to Affect Policy (spr8-2.pdf)
Aletha C. Husto
1 Children's Changing Access to Resources: A Historical Perspective (spr8-1.pdf)
Donald J. Hernandez


4 Integrating Science and Ethics in Research with High-Risk Children and Youth
Celia B. Fisher
3 Child Witnesses: Translating Research into Policy
Stephen J. Ceci & Maggie Bruck
2 Using Research and Theory to Justify and Inform Head Start Expansion
Edward Zigler & Sally J. Styfco
1 Canadian Special Education Policies: Children with Learning Disabilities in a Bilingual and Multicultural Society
Linda S. Siegel & Judith Wiener


4 Crack's Children: The Consequences of Maternal Cocaine Abuse
Theresa Lawton Hawley & Elizabeth R. Disney
3 The States and the Poor: Child Poverty Rises as the Safety Net Shrinks
Julie Strawn
2 Testing in American Schools: Issues for Research and Policy
Patricia Morrison
1 Mother-Headed Families: An International Perspective and the Case of Australia
Alisa Burns


4 Rhetoric or Reality? Child and Family Policy in the United States
Francine H. Jacobs & Margery W. Davies
3 The Migrant Head Start Program
Mary Lou de Leon Siantz
2 Infant Mortality and Public Policy
Ann L. Wilson & Gary Neidich
1 Two-Generation Program Models: A New Intervention Strategy
Sheila Smith


4 Antecedents of Illiteracy
Barbara J. Fox
3 Pediatric AIDS and HIV Infection in the United States: Recommendations for Research, Policy, and Programs
Linda A. Valleroy
2 Child Mental Health: Service System and Policy Issues
Judith H. Jacobs
1 Social Science and the Prevention of Children's Injuries
Penelope H. Brooks & Michael C. Roberts


4 Homelessness: Implications for Children and Youth
Andrea L. Solarz
3 Implications of Public Law 99-457 for Early Intervention Services for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities
Penny Hauser-Cram, Carole C. Upshur, Marty Wyngaarden Krauss, & Jack P. Shonkoff
2 Head Start: A Backward and Forward Look
Diana T. Slaughter , Valora Washington , Ura Jean Oyemade, & Rachel Washington Lindsey
1 Children and the Uninsured
Charles N. Oberg


4 Child Care: Quality, Regulation, and Research
Karen S. Weintraub & Laurie N. Furman
3 School Dropout: A Federal Perspective
Brian L. Wilcox & Trudy Vincent
2 The National Center for Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health
Angela Barron McBride
1 The Juvenile Justice and Deliquency Prevention Act
Ellen Greenberg Garrison


5 Bilingual Education Act, Title II of the Education Amendments of 1984
Diane L. August
4 Children and Television
Dale L. Kunkel & Bruce A. Watkins
3 The Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC)
Lindsay Chase-Landsdale, Patrick Casey, Kathleen, McCluskey, Ernesto Pollitt, Jill Reich, Henry Ricciuti, Maris Vinovskis, Valora Washington, & Ann Wilson
2 Adolescent Pregnancy
Barbara Everett, Wendy Baldwin, Urie Bronfenbrenner, Patrick Casey, Susan Crockenberg, Frank Furstenberg, Jr., Hariette McAdoo, Craig Perry, Maris Vinovskis, & Valora Washington
1 The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1983
Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Patrick Casey, Byron Egeland, Eli Newberger, Diana T. Slaughter, Maris Vinovskis, & Valora Washington


Lead Editor

Ellen Wartella, PhD, Northwestern University

Please submit SPR topic ideas to Ellen Wartella

The Social Policy Report employs a plagiarism detection system. By submitting your manuscript to the editor you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

Assistant Editor

Fashina Aladé, PhD, Northwestern University

Editorial Board

P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, PhD, Northwestern University

Sandra Waxman, PhD, Northwestern University

David Figlio, PhD, Northwestern University

Craig Garfield, MD, Associate Professor, Northwestern University

Neil Jordan, PhD, Associate Professor, Northwestern University

Terri Sabol, PhD, Assistant Professor, Northwestern University

David Uttal, PhD, Northwestern University

Diane Schanzenbach, PhD, Northwestern University

Dedre Gentner, PhD, Northwestern University

Matthew M Davis, MD, Northwestern University

Amelie Petitclerc, PhD, Northwestern University

Rachel Flynn, PhD, Northwestern University

Onnie Rogers, PhD, Northwestern University